Kwinana lithium hydroxide refinery, Australia – update

Image of lithium ore on a conveyor

6th October 2023

By: Sheila Barradas

Creamer Media Research Coordinator & Senior Deputy Editor


Font size: - +

Name of the Project
Kwinana lithium hydroxide refinery.

Kwinana Industrial Area, Western Australia.

Project Owner/s
Tianqi Lithium Energy Australia (TLEA) joint venture, in which Independence Group (IGO) has a 49% interest.

Project Description
Kwinana is Australia’s first fully automated lithium hydroxide processing plant.

The refinery is designed to process the spodumene concentrate of TLEA’s Greenbushes project into battery-grade lithium hydroxide for global markets.

The refinery comprises two individual production trains that will target the production of up to 48 000 t of lithium hydroxide once ramped up.

Train 1 of the Kwinana refinery has a 24 000 t/y production capacity, and construction of Train 2 will add a further 24 000 t/y in capacity.

Potential Job Creation
More than 900 jobs were created during the construction phase of the plant, which is now being operated by about 200 people.

Capital Expenditure

Planned Start/End Date
First battery-grade lithium hydroxide was produced in May 2022. The first train declared commercial production at the end of November 2022 and will continue to ramp up production in 2023.

Train 2 commissioning is expected to start in early 2025.

Latest Developments
IGO is "comfortable" that it will reach 50% of the Train 1 nameplate capacity at its Kwinana lithium hydroxide refinery.

While Train 1 has been built, production has been lower than expected, owing to ongoing technical challenges, which delayed the startup of the plant after a scheduled shutdown in May.

IGO is now working on the front-end engineering design on Train 2 and is hoping to make a final investment decision in early 2024. Construction of Train 2 was initially slated to start in the first half of 2023.

Key Contracts, Suppliers and Consultants
None stated.

Contact Details for Project Information
IGO, tel +61 8 9238 8300 or email

Edited by Creamer Media Reporter


Latest News

Mayur secures $155m for PNG lime project
Mayur secures $155m for PNG lime project
Updated 48 minutes ago By: Mariaan Webb


Goodwin Submersible Pumps Africa (Pty) Ltd
Goodwin Submersible Pumps Africa (Pty) Ltd

Goodwin Submersible Pumps Africa is sole distributors for Goodwin electrically driven, submersible, abrasion resistance slurry pumps.


Leading condition monitoring specialists, WearCheck, help boost machinery lifespan and reduce catastrophic component failure through the scientific...


Latest Multimedia

sponsored by

Magazine round up | 19 April 2024
Magazine round up | 19 April 2024
19th April 2024
Resources Watch
Resources Watch
17th April 2024

Option 1 (equivalent of R125 a month):

Receive a weekly copy of Creamer Media's Engineering News & Mining Weekly magazine
(print copy for those in South Africa and e-magazine for those outside of South Africa)
Receive daily email newsletters
Access to full search results
Access archive of magazine back copies
Access to Projects in Progress
Access to ONE Research Report of your choice in PDF format

Option 2 (equivalent of R375 a month):

All benefits from Option 1
Access to Creamer Media's Research Channel Africa for ALL Research Reports, in PDF format, on various industrial and mining sectors including Electricity; Water; Energy Transition; Hydrogen; Roads, Rail and Ports; Coal; Gold; Platinum; Battery Metals; etc.

Already a subscriber?

Forgotten your password?







sq:7.441 23.863s - 91pq - 2rq
1: United States
Subscribe Now
2: United States