The role of Cutter Fans in pump agitation

The cutter fan plays a crucial role in achieving effective agitation and solids handling during arduous pumping applications

The cutter fan, also known as an agitator, has revolutionised heavy-duty submersible dredge pumps

View of a Toyo pump's cutter fan or agitator with a competitor's agitator (black component) showing size comparison

View of a Toyo pump's cutter fan or agitator with a competitor's agitator (black component) showing size comparison

19th September 2023


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The integration of innovative features during pump design has significantly enhanced performance and efficiency, with significant benefits for lowering total cost of ownership. One such component, the cutter fan, plays a crucial role in achieving effective agitation and solids handling.

Ruaan Venter, Business Development Manager at IPR - the official distributor of Toyo heavy duty slurry pumps in southern Africa, sheds light on the functions and applications of these components, offering valuable insights into their importance in pump systems.

Cutter Fans: Enhancing Agitation and Solids Handling

The cutter fan, also known as an agitator, has revolutionised heavy-duty submersible dredge pumps. Toyo Pumps was the pioneering manufacturer to incorporate this type of agitation into its designs. Venter says that their patented curved three-blade stirring attachment, threaded onto the pump shaft just below the suction inlet, became a gamechanger in handling solids-laden slurries.

The primary function of the cutter fan is to dislodge and re-suspend solids, creating a slurry. As fluid flows towards the pump suction, the cutter fan redirects a portion of the fluid away from the pump, generating a fanning effect. This redirection and cyclic process result in a concentrated "pocket" of high solids content slurry directly in front of the pump suction inlet. This maximises the pumping efficiency and effectiveness, making it an essential feature for dredge pumps.

To protect the cutter fan, a stand is attached to the bottom of the pump. For larger pumps, an additional stub shaft is placed between the pump's main shaft and the cutter fan, providing extra protection and stability during operation.

Differentiating Between Cutter Fans and Other Components

During pump installation, it is crucial to differentiate the cutter fan from other components. Operating the pump with a reversed rotation can lead to unscrewing of components during operation, resulting in potential damages and costly repairs.

To identify a cutter fan correctly, it is advisable to consult the pump's rotational arrow. The cutter fan is easily visible and recognisable, as it pushes fluid away from the pump for agitation purposes. Observing the marked arrow during pump wiring ensures the correct rotation and installation of the cutter fan.

Cutter fans have significantly contributed to the efficiency and effectiveness of pump systems, particularly in managing solids and enhancing agitation. With a deeper understanding of the roles played by the cutter fan’s ability to redirect fluid and maximise solids management exemplify the advancements in pump technology. By correctly identifying and using cutter fans, pump operators can ensure optimal performance and avoid unnecessary operational issues,” Venter concludes.

Edited by Creamer Media Reporter



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