Worst of inflationary wave over, says BHP CEO

8th March 2024

By: Mariaan Webb

Creamer Media Senior Deputy Editor Online


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Diversified mining group BHP CEO Mike Henry has expressed confidence in a more favourable economic outlook for 2024, declaring that the worst of the global inflationary wave is over.

BHP, which reported a flat first-half underlying profit of $6.6-billion late last month, is witnessing a shift towards a more balanced distribution of commodity demand globally.

“The inflation that has defined the last two years has peaked, driving more positive sentiment across financial markets, with potential flow-on effects to some exchange-traded commodities,” said Henry.

The developments in the Red Sea, which have the potential of upending supply chains, were not expected to contribute to a reversal of the global trend towards decreasing inflation rates, he added.

Lower inflation, and eventually lower interest rates in the developed world, would help to establish more positive momentum in manufacturing sectors in the US and Europe.

BHP is also positive about the strong growth momentum in India, underpinned by investment in steel-intensive sectors, and is more cautious about the outlook for China, citing uncertainty about how quickly pro-growth policies can flow through to the boarder economy.

Nevertheless, China demand remained “healthy”, despite weakness in housing, stressed Henry.

Labour costs, however, remained a key forward-looking inflationary concern, particularly in Australia, where aggregate wage outcomes were “increasingly disconnected from underlying productivity performance”.

This concern was amplified by regulatory reforms under way in Australia, which would add to labour costs and reduce the international competitiveness of the Australian economy.

The global miner is among a number of resources giants and employer groups fighting the government’s proposed “same job, same pay” legislation, which would require employers to pay labour hire workers at least the same pay as direct employees doing the same job.

The nickel and lithium sectors, in particular, were under “significant pressure” owing to market conditions and fierce global competition, said Henry.

“At the same time as the need to be globally competitive has sharpened, we’ve seen changes made at both the state and federal levels that increase costs to business without any commensurate increase in productivity, thereby dragging Australian competitiveness down. These include the sharply increased coal royalties in Queensland and federal industrial relations policies.”

“It’s essential that the right industrial relations and fiscal settings are in place to support the sector’s ability to compete, and win, in global markets,” he added.

Amid difficulty in the nickel industry, BHP recognised a noncash impairment of $2.5-billion at its Western Australia nickel business.

Excessive rapid growth of Indonesian supply has resulted in the nickel price falling by about 50% over the past year and BHP estimates that as much as half of global production is loss-making.

The impairment of Western Australia Nickel, coupled with a $3.2-billion charge related to the Samarco dam failure in Brazil, have resulted in a sharp drop in first-half attributable profit to $0.9-billion.

Half-year revenue increased by $1.5-billion, owing to higher iron-ore and copper prices, and partially offset by its New South Wales Energy Coal business, which realised sharply lower prices in the six months.

BHP reported a 5.4% increase in unit costs across its major assets in the six months ended December 31, 2023, which compared well with the global inflation rate of 6.3% experienced across the miner’s operating jurisdictions during the 2023 calendar year.

An interim dividend of 72c a share was declared for a total of $3.6-billion.

Saranga Ranasinghe, senior analyst at Moody’s Investors Service, said that BHP’s results were in line with previous expectations.

“EBITDA improved marginally compared with the previous period, despite higher operating costs as stronger iron-ore and copper prices supported revenue growth.”

Edited by Martin Zhuwakinyu
Creamer Media Senior Deputy Editor


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