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FINAL DRAFT 10 10 02
PROPOSED BROAD-BASED SOCIO-ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT CHARTER FOR THE SOUTH AFRICAN MINING INDUSTRY
All the actions and commitments set out below are in the pursuit of a shared vision of a globally competitive mining industry that draws on the human and financial resources of all South Africa’s people and offers real benefits to all South Africans. The goal of the empowerment charter is to create an industry that will proudly reflect the promise of a non-racial South Africa.
- The history of South Africa, which resulted in blacks, mining communities and women largely being excluded from participating in the mainstream of the economy, and the formal mining industry’s stated intention to adopt a proactive strategy of change to foster and encourage black economic empowerment (BEE) and transformation at the tiers of ownership, management, skills development, employment equity, procurement and rural development;
- The imperative of redressing historical and social inequalities as stated by the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, in inter alia section 9 on equality (and unfair discrimination) in the Bill of Rights;
- The policy objective stated in the Minerals and Petroleum Resources Development Bill to expand opportunities for historically disadvantaged persons to enter the mining and minerals industry or benefit from the exploitation of the nation’s mineral resources;
- The scarcity of relevant skills has been identified as one of the barriers to entry into the mining sector by historically disadvantaged South Africans (HDSA’s);
- The slow progress made with employment equity in the mining industry compared to other industries.
- It is government’s stated policy that whilst playing a facilitating role in the transformation of the ownership profile of the mining industry it will allow the market to play a key role in achieving this end and it is not the government’s intention to nationalise the mining industry.
- The key objectives of the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Bill and that of the Charter will be realised only when South Africa’s mining industry succeeds in the international market place where it must seek a large part of its investment and where it overwhelmingly sells its product and when the socio-economic challenges facing the industry are addressed in a significant and meaningful way.
- The transfer of ownership in the industry must take place in a transparent manner and for fair market value.
That the following laws would also assist socio-economic empowerment:
- The Preferential Procurement Framework Act (No. 5 of 2000);
- The Employment Equity Act (No 55 of 1998);
- The Competition Act (No. 89 of 1998) (Also ref. To the Amendment Act No. 35 of 1999 and subsequent amendments); ∑ The Skills Development Act (No. 97 of 1998).
The signatories have developed this Charter to provide a framework for progressing the empowerment of historically disadvantaged South Africans in the Mining and Minerals Industry. The signatories of this Charter acknowledge: Section 100. (2) (a) of the Minerals and Petroleum Resources Bill, which states that, to insure the attainment of Government’s objectives of redressing historical social and economic inequalities as stated in the Constitution, the Minister of Minerals and Energy must within six months from the date on which this act takes effect develop a Broad-Based Socio-Economic Empowerment (BBSEE) Charter.
1. SCOPE OF APPLICATION
This Charter applies to the South African mining industry.
For the purposes of interpretation, the following terms apply:
Broad-Based Socio-Economic Empowerment (BBSEE) refers to a social or economic strategy, plan, principle, approach or act, which is aimed at:
- Redressing the results of past or present discrimination based on race, gender or other disability of historically disadvantaged persons in the minerals and petroleum industry, related industries and in the value chain of such industries; and
- Transforming such industries so as to assist in, provide for, initiate, facilitate or benefit from the:
- Ownership participation in existing or future mining, prospecting, exploration and beneficiation operations;
- Participation in or control of management of such operations;
- Development of management, scientific, engineering or other skills of HDSA’s;
- Involvement of or participation in the procurement chains of operations;
- Integrated Socio-economic development for host communities, major labour sending areas and areas that due to unintended consequences of mining are becoming ghost towns by mobilising all stakeholder resources.
The term Historically Disadvantaged South Africans (HDSA) refers to any person, category of persons or community, disadvantaged by unfair discrimination before the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1993 (Act No. 200 of 1993) came into operation.
HDSA Companies are those companies that are owned or controlled by historically disadvantaged South Africans.
Major labour sending areas refer to areas from where a significant number of mineworkers are or have been recruited.
Ghost towns refer to areas whose economies were dependent on mining and therefore could not survive beyond the closure or significant downsizing of mining activities.
Ownership of a business entity can be achieved in a number of ways; - a majority shareholding position, i.e. 50% + 1 share;
- Joint ventures or partnerships (25% equity plus one share);
- Broad based ownership (such as HDSA dedicated mining unit trusts, or employee share ownership schemes).
3. OBJECTIVES The objectives of this charter are to:
- Promote equitable access to the nation’s mineral resources to all the people of South Africa;
- Substantially and meaningfully expand opportunities for HDSA’s including women, to enter the mining and minerals industry and to benefit from the exploitation of the nation’s mineral resources;
- Utilise the existing skills base for the empowerment of HDSA’s;
- Expand the skills base of HDSA’s in order to serve the community;
- Promote employment and advance the social and economic welfare of mining communities and the major labour sending areas; and
- Promote beneficiation of South Africa’s mineral commodities.
4. UNDERTAKINGS All stakeholders undertake to create an enabling environment for the empowerment of HDSA’s by subscribing to the following:
4.1 Human Resource Development
The South African labour market does not produce enough of the skills required by the mining industry. Stakeholders shall work together in addressing this skills gap in the following manner:
- Through the standing consultative arrangements they will interface with statutory bodies such as the Mines Qualifications Authority (MQA), in the formulation of comprehensive skills development strategies that include a skills audit;
- By interfacing with the education authorities and providing scholarships to promote mining related educational advancement, especially in the fields of mathematics and science at the school level;
- By undertaking to ensure provision of scholarships and that the number of registered learnerships in the mining industry will rise from the current level of some 1200 learners to not less than 5000 learners by March 2005; and
- Through the MQA shall undertake to provide skills training opportunities to miners during their employment in order to improve their income earning capacity after mine closure.
Government undertakes that:
- In its bi-lateral relations with relevant countries, undertakes to secure training opportunities for HDSA companies’ staff, as well as exchange opportunities with mining companies operating outside of South Africa;
- Through the MQA and in collaboration with academic institutions, DME associated institutions, NGO’s, and the Gender Commission, shall provide training courses in mining entrepreneur’s skills;
- To offer every employee the opportunity to become functionally literate and numerate by the year 2005 in consultation with labour;
- To implement career paths to provide opportunities to their HDSA employees to progress in their chosen careers; and
- To develop systems through which empowerment groups can be mentored as a means of capacity building.
4.2 Employment Equity
Companies shall publish their employment equity plans and achievements and subscribe to the following:
- Establish targets for employment equity, particularly in the junior and senior management categories. Companies agree to spell out their plans for employment equity at the management level. The stakeholders aspire to a baseline of 40 percent HDSA participation in management within 5-years;
- South African subsidiaries of multinational companies and South African companies, where possible, will focus their overseas placement and/or training programmes on historically disadvantaged South Africans;
- Identification of a talent pool and fast tracking it. This fast tracking should include high quality operational exposure;
- Ensuring higher levels of inclusiveness and advancement of women. The stakeholders aspire to a baseline of 10 percent of women participation in the mining industry within 5-years; and
- Setting and publishing targets and achievements.
4.3 Migrant Labour Stakeholders undertake to:
- Ensure non-discrimination against foreign migrant labour.
4.4 Mine Community and Rural Development
Stakeholders, in partnership with all spheres of government, undertake to:
- Co-operate in the formulation of integrated development plans for communities where mining takes place and for major labour-sending areas, with special emphasis on development of infrastructure.
4.5 Housing and Living Conditions
Stakeholders, in consultation with the Mine Health and Safety Council, the Department of Housing and organised labour, undertake to:
- Establish measures for improving the standard of housing including the upgrading of hostels, conversion of hostels to family units and the promotion of home ownership options for mine employees; and
- Establish measures for improving of nutrition of mine employees. 4.6 Procurement
Procurement can be broken down into three levels, namely: capital goods; services; and consumables.
Stakeholders undertake to give HDSAs a preferred supplier status, where possible, in all three levels of procurement. To this end stakeholders undertake to:
- Identify current levels of procurement from HDSA companies;
- Commit to a progression of procurement from HDSA companies over a 3 to 5-year time frame reflecting the genuine value added by the HDSA provider;
- Encourage existing suppliers to form partnerships with HDSA companies, where no HDSA Company tenders to supply goods or services; and
- Stakeholders commit to help develop HDSA procurement capacity and access Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) assistance programmes to achieve this.
List of suppliers: It is envisaged that information on all HDSA companies wishing to participate in the industry will be collected and published. All participants in the industry will assist the DTI in compiling such a list that will inter alia be published by government on the Internet and updated regularly.
4.7 Ownership and Joint Ventures
Government and industry recognise that one of the means of effecting the entry of HDSA’s into the mining industry and of allowing HDSA’s to benefit from the exploitation of mining and mineral resources is by encouraging greater ownership of mining industry assets by HDSA’s. Ownership and participation by HDSA’s can be divided into active or passive involvement as follows:
- HDSA controlled companies (50 per cent plus 1 vote), which includes management control;
- Strategic joint ventures or partnerships (25 per cent plus 1 vote). These would include a Management Agreement that provides for joint management and control and which would also provide for dispute resolution;
- Collective investment, through ESOPS and mining dedicated unit trusts. The majority ownership of these would need to be HDSA based. Such empowerment vehicles would allow the HDSA participants to vote collectively.
- Greater than 0 percent and up to 100 percent ownership with no involvement in management, particularly broad based ownership like ESOPs. In order to measure progress on the broad transformation front the following indicators are important:
- The currency of measure of transformation and ownership could, inter alia, be market share as measured by attributable units of South African production controlled by HDSA's;
- That there would be capacity for offsets which would entail credits / offsets to allow for flexibility;
- The continuing consequences of all previous deals would be included in calculating such credits/offsets in terms of market share as measured by attributable units of production;
- Government will consider special incentives to encourage HDSA companies to hold on to newly acquired equity for a reasonable period.
In order to increase participation and ownership by HDSA’s in the mining industry, mining companies agree:
- To achieve 26% HDSA ownership of the mining industry assets in 10 years by each mining company; and
- That where a company has achieved HDSA participation in excess of any set target in a particular operation then such excess maybe utilised to offset any shortfall in its other operations.
All stakeholders accept that transactions will take place in a transparent manner and for fair market value. Stakeholders agree to meet after 5-years to review the progress and to determine what further steps, if any, need to be made to achieve the 26% target. 4.8 Beneficiation
This Charter will apply to mining companies in respect of their involvement in beneficiation activities, specifically activities beyond mining and processing. These include production of final consumer products.
Mining companies will be able to offset the value of the level of beneficiation achieved by the company against its HDSA ownership commitments.
Mining companies agree to:
- Identify their current levels of beneficiation;
- Indicate to what extent they can grow the baseline level of beneficiation.
4.9 Exploration and Prospecting
Government will support HDSA companies in exploration and prospecting endeavours by, inter alia, providing institutional support.
4.10 State Assets
Government will ensure compliance with the provisions of this Charter and be exemplary in the way in which it deals with state assets.
To facilitate the processing of licence conversions there will be a scorecard approach to the different facets of promoting broad based socio economic empowerment in the mining industry. This scorecard approach would recognise commitments of the stakeholders at the levels of ownership, management, employment equity, human resource development, procurement and beneficiation. These commitments have been spelt out in sections 4.1 to 4.9 above. The HDSA participation required to achieve conversion within the five year period on a company specific basis will be specified in the score-card, hereto attached as Annexure A. 4.12 Financing Mechanism
The industry agrees to assist HDSA companies in securing finance to fund participation in an amount of R100-billion within the first 5-years. Participants agree that beyond the R100 billion-industry commitment and in pursuance of the 26 per cent target, on a willing seller – willing buyer basis, at fair market value, where the mining companies are not at risk, HDSA participation will be increased.
4.13 Regulatory Framework and Industry Agreement
Government’s regulatory framework and industry agreements shall strive to facilitate the objectives of this Charter.
4.14 Consultation, Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting
It is recognised that the achievement of the objectives set out herein entails an ongoing process.
Companies undertake to report on an annual basis their progress towards achieving their commitments, with these annual reports verified by their external auditors. A review mechanism will be established which again provides flexibility to the company commitments.
Parties hereto agree to participate in annual forums for the following purposes:
- Monitoring progress in the implementation of plans;
- Developing new strategies as needs are identified;
- Ongoing government/industry interaction in respect of these objectives;
- Developing strategies for intervention where hurdles are encountered;
- Exchanging experiences, problems and creative solutions;
- Arriving at joint decisions;
- Reviewing this Charter if required.
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